During that time one of the issues that is raised from time to time is Plagiarism and Piracy. I am not going to explain in depth what is plagiarism or piracy. Instead, I write this post, for these who do not want to take that black path, but may not have understood the differences between Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting, and how we should use these in our posts.
Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting
Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting are different terms that often confuse people. There is a different between using something as a reference and adding your value, and between copy the text directly.
Quoting is when you copy text directly from the source, and you are using identical text in your post. Each short quote should be enclosed in "quotation marks" or marked in another clear way! We must add credit to the original source.
Paraphrasing is when you take an ideas of another author and use it in your own words, without using the original text. For example, you might want to do it in order to achieve greater clarity of the original post, or if you want to discuss, interpret, or bring your own point-of-view regarding the original post. In this case, the source should be mentioned as part of the content (for example “in addition to what was said by “x”…).
Summarizing is when you use your own words to present idea or content that you read somewhere else. It can done in order to significantly reducing the original length, or combine information from several resources. When you Summarize something, you do not need to add credit in each paragraph, but is a separate sections, for example "resources".
In all these cases you should add the source in the reference.
All these are allowed and accepted, as long as credit is given in the right way, and the original post gave you the permission to use it in public.
Please remember, that mentioning the reference is absolutely not enough to make it OK to use it in a way that the author did not gave the permission, or in illegal way. It is somehow equivalent to “steal from someone and then shout in public that you stole it”. Saying that you have done something wrong, does not make it legit!
Most articles summarize information from several different resources and add some unique new value that the author brings. In these we need to add the references in clear section at the end.